The Functions & Working of an Aircraft Sensor System

Aircraft Sensor SystemIn the flight economy, an aircraft sensory system is one element of ultimate importance. They have been used over the years, to date. However, they continue to be modernized as the years go by. Found at quite affordable prices in the market, not to mention almost weightless, they continually oversee the overall activities of the aircraft. This is beneficial as it reduces the maintenance time taken.

Checks and Balances on the Temperature

In the resistance temperature detector, the temperature sensors are found therein. These sensors work to calibrate the thermal reading of given units in an engine of an aircraft. The recordings of elements such as:

• fuel temperatures
• cylinder heads
• exhaust
• engine oil

among others, are done by the temperature sensors. It works in such a way that wherever the sensor is placed, once current passes through it, the alliterations in the resistance is then tallied as the temperature of that particular unit.

Sensors for the Liquid Levels

Just how you can tell the fuel levels in your car, whether you have a full tank or your car will come to a halt soon, then somewhat the same applies in this case. Here, the sensors are directly installed to the various elements in the aircraft; for example inside the reservoirs. The sensors may not be at one single place but rather dispersed within the liquid. When the captains look on to the dashboard, they will be able to access the information conveyed by the liquid level sensors.

Flow Monitor Sensors

The flow of the liquids then ought to be in kept under close observation at any given second. For these sensors to function, they are installed directly into the pipe that will be expected to carry the necessary liquid. The rate of flow of the aircraft oil is now measurable here. Mounted in the same manner as the liquid level sensors, they have been seen to have the exception of it being connected to the exhaust gas temperature gauge.

Status Confirmation Sensors

These sensors are formally known as proximity sensors. They are quite essential in detecting the status of certain elements in the aircraft that are meant to open or shut; for example:

• door
• Landing gear door among others.

Once they have passed a given message, the pilots will then know how to aid the situation: whether to proceed or land the Aircraft Level Sensors.

Other Aircraft Engine Sensors such as the RPM (also referred to as ‘revolutions per minute’) where a magnet is involved and that it ought to rotate within a given limit; that and the pressure sensors used to determine the pressure of one element, are you in conjunction with the ones explained above in order to be able to ascertain an aircraft’s safety.

In conclusion, therefore, it can be seen that the pilots highly depend on these sensors for re-assured flying. A slight malfunction could lead to various complications. The sensors all seem to have a candid relevance to the determination of the safety of the flight. They can all also be seen to work together each one depending on the other just like the nervous system in the human body.

How Does Aircraft Gauge Work in An Aircraft?

Aircraft GaugeIn the cockpit, pilots require information about the flight situation of the aircraft. Information, such as altitude, speed, and direction, is very crucial for improving the safety of the aircraft and its passengers.

Pilots require special instruments that help them in measuring the performance of the engines, navigation, and communication.

In total, an aircraft has six systems that help pilots in various ways:

1. Pilot Static Systems: these systems consist of three instruments:

a. Altimeter: measures aircraft height above sea level
b. Airspeed indicator: measures aircraft speed in relation with the surrounding air
c. Vertical speed indicator: also known as Variometer, measures changes in air pressure

2. Compass Systems:

a. Magnetic compass: also known as Artificial Horizon, measures aircraft’s direction in relation with the magnetic North

3. Gyroscopic Systems:

a. Attitude Indicator: also known as Artificial Horizon, indicates aircraft’s relation with the horizon
b. Heading indicator: also known as Directional Gyro, indicates direction in relation with magnetic North when setting with a compass
c. Turn indicator: measures rotation about the longitudinal axis

4. Flight Director Systems:

a. Horizontal Situation Indicator: this instrument merges readings from the magnetic compass with navigation signals; taken from a GPS or a Localizer; and a Glide Slope.
b. Attitude Director Indicator

5. Navigational Systems:

a. Very-High Frequency Omnidirectional Range (VOR): provides orientation, measuring distance to or from a station, and course interception
b. Nondirectional Radio Beacon (NDB): represents aircraft heading and allows position fixing

A lot of companies are working on providing the best aircraft instrumentation and services. Among these is a leading company, J. P. Instruments, who has an entire fleet of reliable and cost effective products; including engine data management systems, fuel flow gauges, and GPS moving maps. In very less time JPI has become quite popular among pilots and mechanics because of its uncompromised quality, service, and reliability.

JPI makes sure that its customers are aware that it is striving to attain their satisfaction by providing quality products and services. It has a wide range of Single Engine Management Systems, Twin Engine Management Systems, Aircraft Flight Instruments, Slim Line Gauges, Probes & Sensors, Adapters and Cables, and more.

Apart from providing these products and services, JPI also helps with technical support on its website by providing a knowledge-base and manuals of solutions to common problems. Not only this, the website also has a variety of software downloads and video tutorials. Furthermore, it also provides various GPS interface connections to make their products and services more user-friendly. These are some of the examples of how dedicated JPI is towards customer satisfaction and quality maintenance. JPI is always working towards the highest quality products and the highest quality of customer satisfaction.

Therefore, if you are concerned about which company to purchase Aircraft Level Sensors from, JPI must be your first option.

What is an RPM Sensor and Types?

RPM SensorWhen you discover that you have RPM sensors that are busted or broken, you know that it is imperative that you get them replaced as soon as possible. One of this busted RPM sensors can make anyone have a bad day if it goes ignored. Not to worry, there is plenty of help that you can find on J.P. Instruments’ website. They can help you to replace that busted sensors in no time at all.

Why J.P. Instruments?

Why should you choose J.P. Instruments for your sensors? They have been in the aircraft engine data management industry since 1986. All of the employees here have the right education and knowledge in engineering, air craft repair, and flying planes. They all have a wealth of knowledge that can help you when you are ready to buy replacement sensors for project.

J.P. Instruments has added quite a wide variety of products to their website. On the website, you can find twin engine mgmt systems, fuel flow instruments, slim line gauges, adapters and cables, and probes and sensors. The staff here will help to answer any of the questions that you have regarding the tools you need to make your project a successful one.

What are RPM Sensors?

When it comes to describing RPM sensors, they can be used for many different purposes. These sensors help to measure things like rotation speed in an engine or on the wheels of a vehicle that move on a rail such as a train. Many people will call them tachometers. They are a part of airplanes and other aircraft that you will generally see in the skies. If these vehicles require a shift changing mechanism, these RPM sensors must be present in order for the vehicle to work properly.

Trains and planes both need Aircraft Level Sensors in order to work properly. The RPM sensors will help with the rotation of the wheels. This will help to keep these vehicles working properly and safely for those driving or riding. It is the key to make sure that these sensors are always working properly. The results could be terrible if not.

What are the types of RPM Sensor?

J.P. Instruments carries quite a few types of RPM sensors. One of their most popular brands is the RPM sensor for Bendix Mag. These RPM sensors can be purchased in many different styles such as pressurized or non-pressurized. All of these sensors come with a guarantee and you will be able to get your vehicle up and running in no time at all once you replace your old, busted sensors.

J.P. Instruments is a company that has quite the history in serving their customers. If you know exactly what pieces and tools that you need, you will be well on your way to repairing your vehicle. It is important to take care of any busted or broken RPM sensors as soon as you notice them. This could mean a lot for your vehicle and for your safety.

The Functions Of An Aircraft Sensor Systems

Aircraft Sensor SystemsSensors are not anything new to us. They are in use since the past few decades. The new sensors; however, are a wireless variety and staples for modern aircrafts. They facilitate the constant monitoring of aircraft internals and are low in both cost and weight.

Airplanes are all about tallying between mind-bending figures and they determine how safe an aircraft is flying. They must be kept under constant check to ensure it is within the safe parameters, with every rule and condition kept under constant reviews and improvements. The latest technologies and scientific knowledge makes it an existing form of transport that’s safer than before.

Monitoring overall aircraft condition costs lesser and less time-consuming. It’s just a fifth of the overall aircraft-related operating costs approximately. The use of wired sensors in engine(s), gearboxes, airframes and the fuel-flow structures monitored bumped up the bill, but wireless sensors discard the unnecessary burden.
The wires vanished and the WSN (wireless sensor network) took control. These smart sensors use radio-interface for intra-communication and are free from the chief constraints that wired sensors pose, like cumbersome deployment and costly installations, lots of time…in short, they remove major impediments vanish, including those that make installation a tough job on the moving parts of the engine.

Wireless sensors bring down costs. You don’t need any more the special structures to let the wire pass through. Installing airplane sensors don’t need any more wiring costs to deal with, nor any data wiring layout, thus saving a great deal of time, effort and energy. They are lower in weight (cables are heavy) and are greatly flexible about where you put them. Some of them also sense heat and stress and this can bring improvements in aircraft designing and maintenance.

Withstanding higher accelerations or extremely low/high temperatures need a communication system that’s resilient to radio interferences and jamming and also low on energy consumption. They need to be highly compact and slim in design and must accurately sync to sensor measurements between different nodes. Concurrent engineering approaches gave us that and aeronautical electronics designed a communication protocol that constantly adapts to an aircraft’s multiple operational phases.

Highly integrated electronics make the current wireless aircraft sensor systems much smaller than before. Careful component selection and embedded implementation also play a part in it.

There are several types of Aircraft Level Sensors used in modern aircraft cockpits. Right from temperature sensors (measure the temperature of various engine components, including cylinder heads, exhausts, engine oil, fuel and hydraulic fluid) to liquid level sensors mounted in thermo-wells (for reservoirs, tanks, sumps and gearboxes) and working on single point or multiple point interface elements connected to onboard display units and flow sensors displaying the flow rate of aviation fuel or engine oil. It is mounted within a thermo-well like liquid-level sensors and also connects to Digital EGT Gauges.

The three other are the RPM Sensor (indicates either absolute or differential pressures), proximity sensors (detects if the landing gear is extended or retracted) and the RPM sensors (plugs into the magneto to provide feedbacks to the RPM display) and together, they provide critical information to the pilots that can save their day. The pilots can concentrate on flying when every reading is Green. Moreover, they let you know when it is not. The sensors have a direct bearing on the safety of an aircraft!

Save Money With A JPI’s Aircraft Fuel Flow Indicator

Aircraft Fuel Flow IndicatorThe engine needs an even and steady flow of fuel to run without hiccups or knockings to keep up its overall performance. The flow of aviation fuel is displayed by the fuel flow indicator.

Fuel flow indicators measure less or excess fuel flow and helps to check fuel wastage caused by rich-burn engines. It works with aid from Aircraft Engine Sensors, located behind the fuel filter, in combination with MAP (manifold air pressure). It not just saves money but also keeps the engine cleaner; which means, a less maintenance cost.

The JPI’s Aircraft Fuel Flow Indicator uses modern sensors that connect to a modern, Digital Gauges. This gauge is installed in the cockpit. It is highly accurate; as accurate as digital. The latter are also manufactured by JP Instruments.

Rich-of-Peak is a technique that runs the aircraft engine with an excess of fuel in the cylinder. This is done to keep the engines cooler, but on the flip side, the carbon builds up on the exhaust faster. It also increases cylinder pressure. But with Lean-of-Peak or LoP, the piston pushes longer, gentler and slower. The peak cylinder pressure now develops later than the top-dead-centre position than with RoP, at a time when the piston has travelled further along its downward stroke. So, a hammer blow changes into a gentle push. The engine shall operate at exactly the same horse power but with a 35°F lower cylinder head temperature. This equates to a better speed, lesser fuel flow and a longer life for the engine.

The less fuel consumption occurs since LoP makes all fuel in the cylinder get used. There remains nothing to blow back and contaminate the oil. This means lesser carbon deposits and savings on the maintenance. And contrary to the belief that LoP is good for low power settings, it helps to obtain 75% of the engine’s power without using extra fuel. The fuel flow indicators help you detect that.

For, without measuring fuel flow, you must rely on approximations; either about the flight time or about the fuel flow rate for each phase of flight. JPI’s aircraft fuel flow indicator uses small turbine transducers to measure the fuel flowing into the engine. It rotates faster with higher fuel flows Aircraft Level Sensors and slower with the lean ones. They generate pulses this way and measure the gallons used per hour with high resolution. These fuel flow indicators can also keep track of the fuel used if you log the total fuel amount into them right at the beginning. Additionally, you will also be able to detect various other parameters. There are indicator lights to show the information currently displayed and mode of operations that can be selected with front panel operating buttons.

Aircraft Fuel Flow Indicator: The Primary Flight Instruments

Aircraft Fuel Flow IndicatorIf you would like to have the best when it comes to aircraft instruments, JP Instruments will be able to give you an idea as to what you should look for when it comes to fuel flow indicators that will last a lifetime.

The Advantage of Fuel Flow Testers

These contraptions will allow all pilots and engineers to diagnose any problem with the fuel flow inside of the plane. The fuel flow tester is the temporary replacement for transducers. They can do this by simulating the flow of pulses that could be generated by a transducer. Because of these tools, an aircraft technician will be able to recognize any discrepancies between the function and overall condition of the engine before the flight.

The testers should work hand in hand with the fuel flow indicators because these instruments will determine whether the engine is working up to par with those of other primary condition planes. This is why it is important for aviation staff and engineers to get a hold of fuel flow testers and indicators as soon as possible. This website has a variety of products that they can offer in this regard so you do not have to worry about not being able to find any specific brand or model that you would need.

Significant Considerations to Make

In addition to this, it is important that you are able to explore the many different types of fuel flow indicators because each one is strikingly different depending on the model number and specifications. Here are two of the major considerations that need to be made when deciding to buy your fuel flow indicators.

• The model number

• Specific plane brand

If you would like to learn how to operate the fuel flow testers and indicators, there are video tutorials available on the web. All you have to do is to do a keyword search and you will find helpful videos that will make it easy for you to comprehend machine operations. With these videos, you will be able to easily navigate and operate any equipment that you would need as a plane engineer.

Contacting Tech Support

If you also have any questions regarding product quality and operations, you can easily contact technical support through the website as well. Therefore, you do not have to worry about not being able to understand how to comprehend and operate EGT Probes and testers respectively.
If you visit the website, you will also get to look at some of the testimonials that will prove how reliable these products are. You will definitely not regret getting fuel flow testers for your planes as soon as possible.

Final Words

These are just some of the reasons why you should try to get a hold of the primary flight instruments such as fuel flow indicators and Aircraft Sensors. You will not be disappointed in JP Instruments and everything they have to offer!

Aircraft Engine Analyzer – Protection from Damage and Explosion

Aircraft EngineIntroducing the EDM 760 by J.P. Instruments – a Aircraft Engine Data Analyzer and Management system that is the most advanced and accurate piston engine-monitoring instrument on the market. With a TSO Certification for quality, the EDM 760 Aircraft Engine Data Analyzer and Management system is not just any addition to your cockpit, it is a Flight Engineer, Maintenance Manager and flight data backup system that not only pays for itself, it also protects your aircraft from damage and mid-air explosion.

The EDM 760 includes built-in pilot-programmable alerts for engine trouble, it records engine data for review by maintenance crews, it provides in-flight aircraft engine diagnostics, hands-free leaning assistance, scalable EGT bars, adjustable brightness control, and a host of other monitoring functions.

EDM 760 Aircraft Engine Data Analyzer and Management system is an additional pair of eyes in your cockpit – eyes that never get tired, eyes that monitor all critical engine parameters including RPM, Gyro Vacuum, Manifold Pressure, Volts, Oil Pressure, Amps, Fuel flow and Pressure.

The pilot can program alarms for each individual function including CHT’s and EGT’s with EGT differential limit. This is vital because some Aircraft Sensor Systems can often have cylinders with different operating ranges from one another. Also, the EGT differential alarm will alert the pilot to rogue EGT’s that could possible indicate a larger problem occurring within your aircraft engine. The pilot can program direct from the face of the instrument and the programming is easy and straight-forward.

In fact, the EDM 760 Aircraft Engine Data Analyzer and Management system will alert the pilot to most problems that occur within the aircraft engine. These problems could relate to compression, fuel mixture or ignition. In fact, the EDM 760 offers your aircraft protection from severe damage and possible explosion. Aircraft Level Sensors analysis is pretty straight-forward and even a new pilot can trouble shoot engine problems on their own using the Diagnostic Manual.

The EDM 760 offers a bar graph display for instant view of your engine health. But should something come up, the pilot can instantly switch over to a more precise digital view of each function being monitored.

The EDM 760 has a downloadable internal data storage facility. Engine performance data is stored in internal memory modules and this data can be downloaded for analysis into service engineer’s computer via serial or USB cable.

Flying the plane Lean side of peak or Rich side of peak is made easier with the EDM 760 because it displays the peak temperature for every cylinder including how far from peak each cylinder is operating after peaking or how far from peak the leanest cylinder is. This information helps the pilot determine where their cylinders are in relation to peak during the leaning process.

Accessories include the JPI USB Download Box, the USB to Serial Adapter and the EGT Probe PN- M111.